As Kura Yangu Sauti Yangu the overriding concern as the country nears another closely-contested presidential election is whether or not the contest will occasion political violence. This concern is grounded on the country’s history in recent elections, in which all contests where there has been an incumbent have been accompanied by violence. Thus, the violence that followed the 2007 elections, the worst in the country’s history, occurred in the context of a contest between the incumbent, Mwai Kibaki, and his challenger, Raila Odinga. The violence that preceded the 1992 and 1997 elections also occurred in a setting of President Moi, as an incumbent, facing a challenge from different rivals. By contrast, no major violence accompanied the 2002 or 2013 elections, neither of which had an incumbent president as a candidate.